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                                                                                                                                                                      1. 首页 >> 技术文章 >> 介绍TCU控温系统的工作原理

                                                                                                                                                                        介绍TCU控温系统的工作原理

                                                                                                                                                                      2. 发布日期:2022-02-21      浏览次数:279
                                                                                                                                                                        •   TCU控温系统采用现有的热能(如蒸汽、冷却水及超低温液体——即“初级系统”)基础设施集成到用来控制工艺设备温度的单流体系统或二级回路中。这就完成了只有一种热传导液体流入到反应容器的夹套中(而不是直接通入蒸汽、冷却水或超低温液体)。通过运算控制整个反应过程温度。
                                                                                                                                                                            温度过程控制原理:
                                                                                                                                                                            1、改变控制设定值的方法,能够尽快的响应过程中的系统滞后,得到较小的系统过冲。控制由两组PID(每组PID是可变的)控制回路构成,这两组控制回路称为:主回路和从回路,主回路的控制输出作为从回路的设定值。系统采用带有前馈PV,主控回路的PID运行结果的输出与前馈PV信号复合后作为从控制回路的设定值,通过这样对温度变化梯度控制,保证系统控温精度。(一般抗滞后串级控制)
                                                                                                                                                                            2、专门设计的滞后预估器(无模型自建树算法)产生一个代替过程变量y(t)的动态信号yc(t)来作为反馈信号。对控制器产生一个e(t)信号,使控制器预判控制作用没有大的滞后,这样控制器总是能够产生一个合适的控制信号。也就是说,即使存在大滞后,这个动态信号yc(t)也能保持反馈回路正常工作.而用一般PID来控制具有显著时间滞后的过程,则控制器输出在滞后时间内由于得不到合适的反馈信号保持增长,从而导致系统响应超调大甚至使系统失控。
                                                                                                                                                                            3、通过三点采样(物料温度点、温控系统出口温度、温控系统进口温度),通过自创无模型自建树算法和一般抗滞后串级算法相结合。

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